发布时间:2021-10-31 00:36 阅读次数:
本文摘要:文/大嘴英Cost一词既可以作动词使用,其基本词义为“花费,价钱为”等,也可以用作名词使用,其基本词义为“用度,成本”等。但详细用法却很是难以掌握,本文就cost的主要用法总结如下:一、cost 作名词(一) 不行数名词,用度,钱等[U] the amount of money needed to buy, do or make something价钱;用度;成本。


文/大嘴英Cost一词既可以作动词使用,其基本词义为“花费,价钱为”等,也可以用作名词使用,其基本词义为“用度,成本”等。但详细用法却很是难以掌握,本文就cost的主要用法总结如下:一、cost 作名词(一) 不行数名词,用度,钱等[U] the amount of money needed to buy, do or make something价钱;用度;成本。

例如:1. When you buy a new computer, you usually get software included at no extra cost (= for no additional money).买电脑时通常免费附送软件。2. For many parents, two salaries are essential to cover the cost of (= pay for) school fees. 对许多家长来说,要支付孩子学费双职薪水必不行少。

3. The supermarket chain announced that it was cutting the cost (= reducing the price) of all its fresh and frozen meat.这家连锁超市宣布其所有鲜肉和冷冻肉降价销售。4. It's difficult for most people to cope with the rising cost of (= increasing price of) healthcare.大多数人都难以蒙受医疗保健用度的上涨。5. I was able to buy the damaged goods at cost (= for only the amount of money needed to produce or get the goods, without any extra money added for profit).我能以成本价买到残损商品。

(二) costs 成本;支出 [复数形式plural]the amount of money needed for a business or to do a particular job1. We need to cut our advertising costs.我们需要削减广告支出。2.The estimated costs of the building project are well over 1 million.这项修建工程的成本预算大大超出100万英镑。(三) cost 给予之物,价格;牺牲;支付something which is given, needed or lost in order to get a particular thing1.We were going to paint the house ourselves, but when we considered the cost in time and effort, we decided to get a painter to do it for us. 我们本计划自己漆屋子,可是思量到既费时又艰苦,还是决议请油漆工来做。

2.The driver managed not to hit the child who ran in front of his car, but only at the cost of injuring himself.司机避开了在他车前乱跑的小孩,可自己却受了伤。3.She has finally got the job she wanted, but at great personal cost (= she has had to give up other things that were important to her).她最终获得了想要的那份事情,可是小我私家支付的价格很大。4.It's not worth getting into an argument with Tim, as I learned to my cost (= from my unpleasant experience of having done so).不值得和蒂姆发生争执,因为我已有过教训。

(四) 牢固搭配at all cost(s) also at any cost.不惜任何价格;无论如何1.If something must be done or avoided at all costs, it must be done or avoided whatever happensSecurity during the president's visit must be maintained at all costs.要不惜一切价格确保总统在会见期间的宁静。2.He wanted her at any cost, even if it meant giving up everything he had. 他不惜一切价格要获得她,纵然这意味着放弃他自己所拥有的一切。

二、verb动词 cost , costs , costing (costed 只有表现估算成本时才是规则动词)(一) cost, cost If something costs an amount of money, you must pay that amount to buy or do it. 价钱为;需花费1.—How much does this book cost (= What is the price of this book)? —It costs 25. 这本书几多钱?25英镑。2.It costs a lot to buy a house in this part of London.在伦敦的这一地域买栋屋子要花许多钱。

(二)cost跟双宾语 [cost+ two objects] 花费某人几多钱The trip will cost you $1000.这趟旅游要花去你1000美元。(三) cost作规则动词词义为: costed, costed 盘算(成本);盘算(花费)重点: cost作“盘算成本,盘算花费”为规则动词,主语可以是人。

to calculate the future cost of something1.How carefully did you cost the materials for the new fence and gate?你是如何细算新围栏和大门的质料用度的?2.Has your scheme been properly costed (out)?你的方案好好盘算过成本吗?(四) cost , costs , costing 基本词义为: 丧失:to cause someone to lose or destroy something valuable1. 使支付价格;使丧失;使牺牲Drinking and driving costs lives (= can cause accidents in which people die).酒后驾车会支付生命的价格。2. [+ two objects] His affairs cost him his marriage (= his marriage ended because of them).婚外情葬送了他的婚姻。(五) cost组成的相关习用法:1. 习用法cost sb dearA. cost sb dear让(某人)花许多钱;使(某人)损失一大笔钱 to cause someone to spend a lot of money or lose moneyBuying that second-hand car without having it checked by a mechanic first cost us dear.没先请机修工检查就买了那辆二手汽车,这让我们亏了许多钱。B. cost sb dear 使(某人)支付极重价格;使(某人)饱尝苦头 something that someone does, especially something stupid, costs them dear, it causes them a lot of problems. Later that year he attacked a photographer, an incident that cost him dear.那年尾他攻击了一位摄影师,这件事让他支付了庞大价格。

2.习用法cost an arm and a leg/a small fortune 极其昂贵;花一大笔钱I'd love to buy a Rolls-Royce, but they cost an arm and a leg.我倒是想买辆劳斯莱斯,可实在太贵了。3. 习用法cost you要花许多钱;会很贵It'll cost you to have your roof mended.修理屋顶要花许多钱。Cost作动词用基本词义为“花费,价钱为”等时是不规则动词,可是看成“估算成本”的词义时时不规则动词。




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